Edgar Allan Poe

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left‎ Edgar Allan Poe föddes 1809 i Boston. När modern dog strax efter det att fadern övergivit familjen togs han om hand av John och Fanny Allan i Richmond, Virginia, USA. Han fick därmed en fosterfamilj med ett visst välstånd. Under några år bodde familjen i Storbritannien, men återvände sedan till USA. Edgar blev aldrig adopterad av sin fosterfamilj, och då hans instabila leverne orsakat konflikter med fosterfadern lämnades han arvslös vid dennes död 1834.

Poe debuterade som författare vid slutet av 1820-talet med en diktsamling, Tamerlane and other poems, under namnet "a Bostonian". Han fortsatte sitt skrivande med medverkan i litterära magasin och tidskrifter och blev känd för sin speciella litteraturkritik. Han flyttade mycket och bodde tidvis i såväl Baltimore som New York. 1835 gifte han sig med sin kusin Virginia, som var endast tretton år gammal.

The Raven, ett av Poes mest kända verk, publicerades 1845 och den nådde snabbt världsrykte. Poes lyrik handlar ofta om skönhet, melankoli och död, t.ex. "The Raven" (1845; "Korpen"), som snabbt nådde världsrykte, "Ulalume" (1847) och "Annabel Lee" (1849). Musikaliteten hos framför allt de sena dikterna, uttryckt i t.ex. "The Philosophy of Composition" (1846), bygger på en rationellt beräknande, hantverksmässig poetik.


Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American author, poet, editor and literary critic, considered part of the American Romantic Movement. Best known for his tales of mystery and the macabre, Poe was one of the earliest American practitioners of the short story and is considered the inventor of the detective-fiction genre. He is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of science fiction.[1] He was the first well-known American writer to try to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career.[2]

Poe parted ways with the Allans. His publishing career began humbly, with an anonymous collection of poems, Tamerlane and Other Poems (1827), credited only to "a Bostonian".

Poe switched his focus to prose and spent the next several years working for literary journals and periodicals, becoming known for his own style of literary criticism. His work forced him to move between several cities, including Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New York City. In Baltimore in 1835, he married Virginia Clemm, his 13-year-old cousin. In January 1845 Poe published his poem "The Raven" to instant success. His wife died of tuberculosis two years after its publication. He began planning to produce his own journal, The Penn (later renamed The Stylus), though he died before it could be produced. On October 7, 1849, at age 40, Poe died in Baltimore; the cause of his death is unknown and has been variously attributed to alcohol, brain congestion, cholera, drugs, heart disease, rabies, suicide, tuberculosis, and other agents.[3]

Poe and his works influenced literature in the United States and around the world, as well as in specialized fields, such as cosmology and cryptography. Poe and his work appear throughout popular culture in literature, music, films, and television. A number of his homes are dedicated museums today.











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